Middle childhood begins at age 9 and continues through age 12. Spanning
elementary school grades 4-6, this stage corresponds with significant social growth and
is marked with several major developmental milestones.
Social Development: Age 9
A child’s attention span begins to increase at the beginning of middle
childhood, and children frequently demonstrate the ability to resume a
task where they left off despite being interrupted. At age 9, children
display a desire to finish projects and to develop new skills. 9-year-olds
begin to show an awareness of the difference between right and wrong,
and can also handle multiple concepts at once.
Social Development: Age 10
At age 10, children are unable to consistently distinguish right from wrong
and will look to adults for help with these decisions. It’s at this
stage that they begin developing a conscience, but they also consider
their personal beliefs to be correct and accepted by everyone else.
Social Development: Age 11
It’s at age 11 that most children begin to realize that other people’s
views naturally differ from their own. 11-year-olds develop an increasing
ability for abstract thinking and social conscience, and can begin to
understand more complex issues such as poverty and equality. At this age,
a child will begin to use deductive reasoning to anticipate the future
consequences of their actions and can weigh multiple outcomes against
Social Development: Age 12
At the older end of this age group, children often demonstrate the ability
to apply logic to arguments and situations. They display better decision-making
abilities and develop stronger organizational capabilities. By age 12,
it’s common to see children excelling in a particular subject and
showing interest in high school or even future careers.
At The Montessori School, our Upper Elementary program covers the traditional
grades 4-6 and is structured to
support the education and development of children ages 9-12. To learn about our Upper Elementary school curriculum,
contact The Montessori School in Allen at (972) 727-2800 or in North Dallas
at (972) 985-8844.