Math is one of the most important subjects a child can learn because it is used virtually everywhere. Children are aware of math and numbers from a very young age, but translating the abstract concepts of math into tangible, concrete ideas can be difficult. In the Montessori curriculum, children overcome the challenges of learning math through specially designed materials that teach mathematical concepts through multi-sensory lessons. Below are the 5 steps to solving a math problem that children will learn to master from the level of arithmetic to calculus:
- Understand the problem: In order for a child to comprehend what a problem is asking, she must know what numbers represent and how they work with each other. During early curriculum, children will work with number tiles and differently sized rods that correlate to numerical values. These teach children to identify numbers so they can begin to work with them.
- Identify the unknowns: Every math problem has an unknown that needs to be found. In arithmetic, the unknown is the result of adding, multiplying, subtracting, or dividing a number. Children are provided with many counting materials to help them discover the unknown in these types of problems so that more complex problems can be given.
- Translate the unknown into mathematical language: As children work with the sensory devices for each problem, they will make associations with the written problem these materials represent.
- Solve the problem: As children discover what each new activity is representing, they will be able to work through new problems faster and build on this knowledge.
- Check the answer: Repetitive activities are crucial for learning, because children need to memorize core concepts that remain true in every equation. By getting the same answer over and over, children will recognize how to correctly solve any mathematical problem.
If you think that the Montessori curriculum is right for your child, contact the Montessori Schools of Dallas (972-727-2800), Plano (972-985-8844), and Allen (972-618-8844). We offer programs from preschool through grade school so that your child can get a great start in her education.